The most common indication of a language disorder is oral communication. It is mostly common in children with receptive language disorders.


Lack of Vocabulary

The most common indication of a language disorder is oral communication. It is mostly common in children with receptive language disorders. These children find much difficulty in understanding what other people say. They may also find it difficult to follow simple directions and to organize information to carry out a certain task. It is very difficult to spot receptive language problems in young children.

Some children have problems with speech because of developmental disorders and do not start talking till the age of 2 or 3. They may start talking around the age of three but it still is hard to understand. Most of the times these problems also persist into pre-school and later. Some children have a language disorder that affects speech. They are able to understand stories precisely but find it difficult to describe it. This is called expressing language disorder.

  • There is couple of other indications of expressive language disorders, namely

  • Limited or obscure vocabulary in comparison to other children of the same age.

  • Substitution of generic words with precise words or use of suggestive noise or sounds to communicate

  • Trouble or difficulty in learning new words

  • The habit of confusing verb tense and dropping off of keywords

  • The repetitive use of certain words or phrases over and over while talking

  • Obscure construction of sentences even though the child is able to pronounce words and sounds.

  • Frustration by the inability to communicate thoughts

  • Talks very less

  • Only uses a limited set of sentence structures while communicating

If your child shows these symptoms even beyond the age of 2 or 3, it is advisable to consult a speech and language therapist to help your child. Many special education schools in India have speech and language therapists to help such children with language disorders.

Speech and language disorders may also arise due to physical developmental problems life deafness. So get your child diagnosed first as in this case you might have to approach the issue differently. On the other hand enrolling your child in special education may also seem like a well-rounded approach. Firstly, special educators handle many such children throughout their lifetime. The experience helps them look out for minute changes and developments and gauge the individual needs of each child for their development. Special education also provides these children with access to language and speech therapists. Such a child may develop low self-esteem if not helped at the right time. With special education the child will be under continuous care of experts who gauge and share their opinions with the parents to help find and formulate the best way forward for such a child both at school and at home.

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